Quadratus of Athens.
One of the Christian apologists.
On site: Fragment (present page).
Early Christian Writings: Fragment (English only).
Apology of Aristides.
Quadratus at Early Christian Writings.
Quadratus in the Catholic Encyclopedia.
Quadratus was a Christian apologist who wrote an apology to Hadrian (emperor 117-138).
Of this apology only a single Eusebian quotation survives. Quadratus
is sometimes reckoned among the apostolic
fathers, but I would prefer to group him with the Christian
Eusebius, History of the Church 4.3.1-3:
And, when Trajan had ruled for twenty whole
years minus six months, Aelius Hadrian succeeded to leadership.
To him Quadratus addressed and gave a treatise, having composed an
apology on behalf of our religion, since indeed some evil men were
trying to trouble our own. And it is still extant among many of the
brethren, and the writing is also with us, from which can be seen
shining proof both of the understanding of the man and of his
And he himself makes apparent his own
antiquity through these things that he records in his own words:
But the works of our savior were always present, for they were true.
Those who were healed, those who rose from the dead, who not
only looked as though healed and risen, but also were always present,
not only while the savior was sojourning but even after he left,
were around for enough time so as that some of them stayed even unto
our own times.
Such was this man. And Aristides also, a
faithful man and devoted to our religion, has left behind just as
Quadratus an apology on behalf of the faith addressed to Hadrian.
The writing of this man too is preserved hither by very
Jerome also mentions Quadratus. Chapter 19 of On
Famous Men he dedicates to the apologist (English translation slightly
modified from the Quadratus page on Early Christian Writings, which in turn comes from
the Christian Classics Ethereal Library):
Quadratus, apostolorum discipulus,
Publio, Athenarum episcopo, ob Christi fidem martyrio
coronato in locum eius substituitur et ecclesiam grandi
terrore dispersam fide et industria sua congregat. cumque
Hadrianus Athenis exegisset hiemem invisens Eleusinam et
omnibus paene Graeciae sacris initiatus que praecepto
imperatoris vexare credentes, porrexit ei librum pro nostra
religione compositum valde necessarium plenumque rationis
et fidei et apostolica doctrina dignum. in quo et antiquitatem
suae aetatis ostendens ait plurimos a se visos, qui sub
domino variis in Iudaea oppressi calamitatibus sanati
fuerant, et qui a mortuis resurrexerant.
Quadratus, disciple of the apostles, after Publius bishop of
Athens had been crowned with martyrdom on account of his faith in Christ, was substituted
in his place, and by his faith and industry gathered the church scattered by reason of its
great fear. And, when Hadrian passed the winter at Athens to witness the Eleusinian mysteries
and was initiated into almost all the sacred mysteries of Greece, those who hated the
Christians took opportunity without instructions from the emperor to harass the believers. At
this time he presented to Hadrian a work composed in behalf of our religion, indispensable,
full of sound argument and faith and worthy of the apostolic teaching. In which, illustrating
the antiquity of his period, he says that he has seen many who, oppressed by various ills,
were healed by the Lord in Judea as well as some who had been raised from the
What follows is chapter 20, ibidem, on Aristides (English
translation slightly modified from that at the Christian
Classics Ethereal Library):
Aristides Atheniensis, philosophus
eloquentissimus et sub pristino habitu discipulus Christi,
volumen nostri dogmatis continens rationem eodem tempore
quo et Quadratus, Hadriano principi, dedit, id est,
apologeticum pro Christianis, quod usque hodie perseverans
apud philologos ingenii eius indicium est.
Aristides, a most eloquent Athenian
philosopher, and a disciple of Christ while yet retaining his original
garb [as a philosopher], presented a work to Hadrian at the same time that
Quadratus presented his. The work contained a systematic statement
of our doctrine, that is, an apology for the Christians, which is
still extant and is regarded by philologians as an index of his