The genealogy of Jesus.

Matthew 1.2-17; Luke 3.23-38.


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Matthew 1.2-17.†
2 Ἀβραὰμ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰσαάκ, Ἰσαὰκ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰακώβ, Ἰακὼβ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰούδαν καὶ τοὺς ἀδελφοὺς αὐτοῦ, 3 Ἰούδας δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Φάρες καὶ τὸν Ζάρα ἐκ τῆς Θαμάρ, Φάρες δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἑσρώμ, Ἑσρὼμ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἀράμ, 4 Ἀρὰμ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἀμιναδάβ, Ἀμιναδὰβ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ναασσών, Ναασσὼν δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Σαλμών, 5 Σαλμὼν δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Βόες ἐκ τῆς Ῥαχάβ, Βόες δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰωβὴδ ἐκ τῆς Ῥούθ, Ἰωβὴδ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰεσσαί, 6  Ἰεσσαὶ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Δαυὶδ τὸν βασιλέα. Δαυὶδ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Σολομῶνα ἐκ τῆς τοῦ Οὐρίου, 7 Σολομὼν δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ῥοβοάμ, Ῥοβοὰμ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἀβιά, Ἀβιὰ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἀσάφ, 8 Ἀσὰφ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰωσαφάτ, Ἰωσαφὰτ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰωράμ, Ἰωρὰμ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ὀζίαν, 9 Ὀζίας δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰωαθάμ, Ἰωαθὰμ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἀχάζ, Ἀχὰζ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἑζεκίαν, 10 Ἑζεκίας δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Μανασσῆ, Μανασσῆς δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἀμώς, Ἀμὼς δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰωσίαν, 11 Ἰωσίας δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰεχονίαν καὶ τοὺς ἀδελφοὺς αὐτοῦ ἐπὶ τῆς μετοικεσίας Βαβυλῶνος. 12 μετὰ δὲ τὴν μετοικεσίαν Βαβυλῶνος Ἰεχονίας ἐγέννησεν τὸν Σαλαθιήλ, Σαλαθιὴλ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ζοροβαβέλ, 13 Ζοροβαβὲλ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἀβιούδ, Ἀβιοὺδ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἐλιακίμ, Ἐλιακὶμ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἀζώρ, 14 Ἀζὼρ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Σαδώκ, Σαδὼκ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἀχίμ, Ἀχὶμ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἐλιούδ, 15 Ἐλιοὺδ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἐλεάζαρ, Ἐλεάζαρ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ματθάν, Ματθὰν δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰακώβ, 16 Ἰακὼβ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰωσὴφ τὸν ἄνδρα Μαρίας, ἐξ ἧς ἐγεννήθη Ἰησοῦς ὁ λεγόμενος Χριστός. 17 πᾶσαι οὖν αἱ γενεαὶ ἀπὸ Ἀβραὰμ ἕως Δαυὶδ γενεαὶ δεκατέσσαρες, καὶ ἀπὸ Δαυὶδ ἕως τῆς μετοικεσίας Βαβυλῶνος γενεαὶ δεκατέσσαρες, καὶ ἀπὸ τῆς μετοικεσίας Βαβυλῶνος ἕως τοῦ Χριστοῦ γενεαὶ δεκατέσσαρες.
Extant: ~Ƿ1 א B C L W Δ ~Θ 1 13 Byzantine.
 
7-8 Ασαφ, Ασαφ (Ƿ1vid א B C 1 13; D has Ασαφ in the Lucan version of the genealogy) / Ασα, Ασα (L W Δ Byzantine).
10 Αμως, Αμως (א B C Δ Θ 1; D has Αμως in the Lucan version of the genealogy) / Αμων, Αμων (L W 13 Byzantine).
16 For τον ανδρα... Χριστος, Θ and 13 have ω μνηστευθεισα παρθενος Μαριαμ εγεννησεν Ιησουν τον λεγομενον Χριστον. Both Sinaitic and Curetonian Syriac versions also mention the virginity of Mary, but the former has Joseph begetting Jesus instead of Mary. The Armenian version likewise mentions her virginity. Hippolytus, Chronicle, genealogy from Adam to Christ: ...Ioseph, cui disponsata fuit virgo Maria, quae genuit Iesum Christum ex spiritu sancto.
Eusebius 1b-2.
Word count: 267.
Previous: Matthew 1.1.
Next: Matthew 1.18-25.
2 Abraham begat Isaac, and Isaac begat Jacob, and Jacob begat Judah and his brothers, 3 and Judah begat Perez and Zerah from Tamar, and Perez begat Hezron, and Hezron begat Aram, 4 and Aram begat Amminadab, and Amminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat Salmon, 5 and Salmon begat Boaz from Rahab, and Boaz begat Obed from Ruth, and Obed begat Jesse, 6 and Jesse begat David the king. And David begat Solomon from [the wife] of Uriah, 7 and Solomon begat Rehoboam, and Rehoboam begat Abijah, and Abijah begat Asaph, 8 and Asaph begat Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat begat Joram, and Joram begat Uzziah, 9 and Uzziah begat Jotham, and Jotham begat Ahaz, and Ahaz begat Hezekiah, 10 and Hezekiah begat Manasseh, and Manasseh begat Amos, and Amos begat Josiah, 11 and Josiah begat Jehoiachin and his brothers at the exile to Babylon. 12 And after the exile to Babylon Jehoiachin begat Salathiel, and Salathiel begat Zerubbabel, 13 and Zerubbabel begat Abiud, and Abiud begat Eliakim, and Eliakim begat Azor, 14 and Azor begat Zadok, and Zadok begat Achim, and Achim begat Eliud, 15 and Eliud begat Eleazar, and Eleazar begat Matthan, and Matthan begat Jacob, 16 and Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, from whom was born Jesus who is called Christ. 17 All the generations, therefore, from Abraham to David are fourteen generations, and from David until the exile to Babylon fourteen generations, and from the exile to Babylon until the Christ fourteen generations.
Luke 3.23-38.†
23 Καὶ αὐτὸς ἦν Ἰησοῦς ἀρχόμενος ὡσεὶ ἐτῶν τριάκοντα, ὢν υἱός, ὡς ἐνομίζετο, Ἰωσὴφ, τοῦ Ἠλὶ, 24 τοῦ Μαθθὰτ, τοῦ Λευὶ, τοῦ Μελχὶ, τοῦ Ἰανναὶ, τοῦ Ἰωσὴφ, 25 τοῦ Ματταθίου, τοῦ Ἀμὼς, τοῦ Ναοὺμ, τοῦ Ἑσλὶ, τοῦ Ναγγαὶ, 26 τοῦ Μάαθ, τοῦ Ματταθίου, τοῦ Σεμεῒν, τοῦ Ἰωσὴχ, τοῦ Ἰωδὰ, 27 τοῦ Ἰωανὰν, τοῦ Ῥησὰ, τοῦ Ζοροβαβὲλ, τοῦ Σαλαθιὴλ, τοῦ Νηρὶ, 28 τοῦ Μελχὶ, τοῦ Ἀδδὶ, τοῦ Κωσὰμ, τοῦ Ἐλμαδὰμ, τοῦ Ἢρ, 29 τοῦ Ἰησοῦ, τοῦ Ἐλιέζερ, τοῦ Ἰωρὶμ, τοῦ Μαθθὰτ, τοῦ Λευὶ, 30 τοῦ Συμεὼν, τοῦ Ἰούδα, τοῦ Ἰωσὴφ, τοῦ Ἰωνὰμ, τοῦ Ἐλιακὶμ, 31 τοῦ Μελεὰ, τοῦ Μεννὰ, τοῦ Ματταθὰ, τοῦ Ναθὰμ, τοῦ Δαυὶδ, 32 τοῦ Ἰεσσαὶ, τοῦ Ἰωβὴδ, τοῦ Βόος, τοῦ Σαλὰ, τοῦ Ναασσὼν, 33 τοῦ Ἀμιναδὰβ, τοῦ Ἀδμὶν, τοῦ Ἀρνὶ, τοῦ Ἑσρὼμ, τοῦ Φάρες, τοῦ Ἰούδα, 34 τοῦ Ἰακὼβ, τοῦ Ἰσαὰκ, τοῦ Ἀβραὰμ, τοῦ Θάρα, τοῦ Ναχὼρ, 35 τοῦ Σεροὺχ, τοῦ Ῥαγαὺ, τοῦ Φάλεκ, τοῦ Ἔβερ, τοῦ Σαλὰ, 36 τοῦ Καϊνὰμ, τοῦ Ἀρφαξὰδ, τοῦ Σὴμ, τοῦ Νῶε, τοῦ Λάμεχ, 37 τοῦ Μαθουσαλὰ, τοῦ Ἑνὼχ, τοῦ Ἰάρετ, τοῦ Μαλελεὴλ, τοῦ Καϊνὰμ, 38 τοῦ Ἐνὼς, τοῦ Σὴθ, τοῦ Ἀδὰμ, τοῦ θεοῦ.
Extant: ~Ƿ4 ~Ƿ75 א A B D L ~W Δ Θ Ψ 1 13 Byzantine.
 
32 Σαλα (Ƿ4 א* B) / Σαλμων (אcorrected A D L Δ Θ Ψ Byzantine) / Σαλμαν (13). W omits 3.24-38; 1 is split.
33 Text is from אcorrected and L. For Αμιναδαβ, א* has Αδαμ. For του Αδμιν, του Αρνι, A and D have του Αραμ. B omits του Αμιναδαβ. W omits 3.24-38 altogether. For του Αδμιν, του Αρνι, Δ and Ψ have του Αραμ, του Ιωραμ. For του Αδμιν, Θ has του Αραμ, του Αδμι. For Αρνι, 13 has Αρηι, while 1 is split across readings.
Eusebius 14.
Word count: 166.
Previous: Luke 3.21-22.
Next: Luke 4.1-13.
23 And Jesus himself was beginning at about thirty years [of age], being the son, as supposed, of Joseph, of Heli, 24 of Matthat, of Levi, of Melchi, of Jannai, of Joseph, 25 of Mattathias, of Amos, of Nahum, of Hesli, of Naggai, 26 of Maath, of Mattathias, of Semein, of Josech, of Joda, 27 of Johanan, of Rhesa, of Zerubbabel, of Salathiel, of Neri, 28 of Melchi, of Addi, of Cosam, of Elmadam, of Er, 29 of Jesus, of Eliezer, of Jorim, of Matthat, of Levi, 30 of Symeon, of Judah, of Joseph, of Jonam, of Eliakim, 31 of Melea, of Menna, of Mattatha, of Nathan, of David, 32 of Jesse, of Obed, of Boaz, of Sala, of Nahshon, 33 of Amminadab, of Admin, of Arni, of Hezron, of Perez, of Judah, 34 of Jacob, of Isaac, of Abraham, of Terah, of Nahor, 35 of Serug, of Ragau, of Peleg, of Eber, of Shelah, 36 of Cainan, of Arphaxad, of Shem, of Noah, of Lamech, 37 of Methuselah, of Enoch, of Jared, of Mahalaleel, of Cainan, 38 of Enosh, of Seth, of Adam, of God.

On the table below I have isolated the names from each genealogy and sorted the ascending Lucan list in descending order. The genealogies of the Hebrew scriptures are included for comparison (and sometimes contrast). I have based much of this list on Joseph A. Fitzmyer, The Gospel According to Luke I-IX, pages 492-494.

From Matthew 1.2-17. From Luke 3.23-38. From Genesis 5.1-32; 11.10-26. From 1 Chronicles 1-3.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abraham
Isaac
Jacob
Judah
Perez
Hezron

Aram
 
Amminadab
Nahshon
Salmon
Boaz
Obed
Jesse
David

Solomon
Rehoboam
Abijah
Asaph
Jehoshaphat
Joram

 
 
 
Uzziah
Jotham
Ahaz
Hezekiah
Manasseh
Amos
Joseph

 
Jechoniah
 
 
Shealtiel
Zerubbabel

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abiud
Eliakim
Azor
Zadok
Achim
Eliud
Eleazar
Matthan
Jacob

Joseph
Jesus
God
Adam
Seth
Enos
Cainan
Mahalaleel
Jared
Enoch
Methuselah
Lamech
Noah
Shem
Arphaxad
Cainan
Shelah
Eber
Peleg
Reu
Serug
Nahor
Terah

Abraham
Isaac
Jacob
Judah
Perez
Hezron

Arni
Admin

Amminadab
Nahshon
Sala
Boaz
Obed
Jesse
David

Nathan
Mattatha
Menna
Melea
Eliakim
Jonam
Joseph
Judah
Simeon
Levi
Matthat
Jorim
Eliezar
Joshua
Er
Elmadam
Cosam
Addi
Melchi
Neri

Shealtiel
Zerubbabel

Rhesa
Joanan
Joda
Josech
Semein
Mattathias
Maath
Naggai
Esli
Nahum
Amos
Mattathias
Joseph
Jannai
Melchi
Levi
Matthat
Heli

Joseph
Jesus

Adam
Seth
Enosh
Kenan
Mahalalel
Jared
Enoch
Methuselah
Lamech
Noah
Shem
Arpachshad
Cainan (LXX only)
Shelah (LXX Sala)
Eber
Peleg
Reu
Serug
Nahor
Terah
Abram

Adam
Seth
Enosh
Kenan
Mahalalel
Jared
Enoch
Methuselah
Lamech
Noah
Shem
Arpachshad
 
Shelah
Eber
Peleg
Reu
Serug
Nahor
Terah
Abram (Abraham)
Isaac
Jacob (Israel)
Judah
Perez
Hezron
Ram
 
Amminadab
Nahshon
Salmon
Boaz
Obed
Jesse
David
Solomon
Rehoboam
Abijah
Asa
Jehoshaphat
Joram
Ahaziah
Joash
Amaziah
Azariah (Uzziah)
Jotham
Ahaz
Hezekiah
Manasseh
Amon
Josiah
Jehoiakim
Jeconiah
Jeconiah–Asir
   (LXX)
Shealtiel
Zerubbabel
Number of names: 41. Number of names: 78 (including God). - -

Notes and quotes.