The sermon on the mount or plain.

Matthew 5.1 = Luke 6.17ab.

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Notes and quotes.

§ Although technically part of the double tradition, the peculiar circumstances of this pericope afford a possible agreement between Matthew and Luke against Mark:

  • The phrase εις το ορος (onto the mountain) belongs to the triple tradition, and although Matthew 5.1 locates it at a different narrative spot than Mark 3.13 and Luke 6.12, in all three cases the summons on the mountain is closely associated with the great multitude in Matthew 4.25 = Mark 3.7-8 = Luke 6.17bc. The context of the sermon, in other words, is Marcan, even though Mark itself lacks the sermon. A major agreement.