Claudius Caesar.

Fifth of the Caesars.


Period of principate.
41 to 54.

Related and attributed text(s).
Tacitus, Annals 11-12 (related), available in Latin (Latin Library) and English (Internet Classics Library).
Suetonius, Divine Claudius (related), available in Latin and English (LacusCurtius).
Cassius Dio, Roman History (related), available in English (LacusCurtius).

Useful links.
Claudius at Wikipedia.
Claudius at Roman Emperors.
Perseus.

Suetonius on Chrestus and the expulsion of the Jews under Claudius.

Claudius Caesar was the fifth of the twelve Caesars for whom Suetonius wrote a biography.

Tacitus, Annals 12.69:

Tunc medio diei tertium ante Idus Octobris, foribus palatii repente diductis, comitante Burro Nero egreditur ad cohortem, quae more militiae excubiis adest. ibi monente praefecto faustis vocibus exceptus inditur lecticae. dubitavisse quosdam ferunt, respectantis rogitantisque ubi Britannicus esset: mox nullo in diversum auctore quae offerebantur secuti sunt. inlatusque castris Nero et congruentia tempori praefatus, promisso donativo ad exemplum paternae largitionis, imperator consalutatur. sententiam militum secuta patrum consulta, nec dubitatum est apud provincias. caelestesque honores Claudio decernuntur et funeris sollemne perinde ac divo Augusto celebratur, aemulante Agrippina proaviae Liviae magnificentiam. testamentum tamen haud recitatum, ne antepositus filio privignus iniuria et invidia animos vulgi turbaret.

At last at noon on the thirteenth of October the gates of the palace were suddenly thrown open, and Nero, accompanied by Burrus, went forth to the cohort which was on guard after military custom. There, at the suggestion of the commanding officer, he was hailed with joyful shouts, and set on a litter. Some, it is said, hesitated and looked round and asked where Britannicus was; then, when there was no one to lead a resistance, they yielded to what was offered them. Nero was conveyed into the camp, and, having first spoken suitably to the occasion and promised a donative after the example of the bounty if his father, he was unanimously greeted as emperor. The decrees of the senate followed the voice of the soldiers, and there was no hesitation in the provinces. Divine honors were decreed to Claudius, and his funeral rites were solemnized on the same scale as those of Augustus; for Agrippina strove to emulate the magnificence of her great-grandmother, Livia. But his will was not publicly read, as the preference of the stepson to the son might provoke a sense of wrong and angry feeling in the popular mind.

Tertullian, Apology 10.10b:

Taceo quod ita rudes adhuc homines agebant ut cuiuslibet novi viri adspectu quasi divino commoverentur, cum hodie iam politi quos ante paucos dies luctu publico mortuos sint confessi in deos consecrent.

I remain silent on the fact that till then men were so rude that they were moved by the appearance of any new man as if he were divine, since today men who are already cultivated consecrate as gods those who a few days before they confessed by a public funeral were dead.